The Amazon Rainforest by Mohamed Fuad

amazon rainforest extent

Introduction

Welcome to the Amazon Rainforest – the beautiful, lush, exotic paradise for the earth, the gas station for the entire planet. This is the biggest rain forest in the world, and provides the earth with oxygen, and destroys most of the world’s carbon dioxide which comes from fires around the earth. The Amazon rainforest is located mostly in Brazil, with 60% of the rainforest, followed by Peru, with 13%, Venezuela, with 10%, and minor areas in French Guiana, Suriname, Guyana and Bolivia.

Emergent layer
Emergent Layer

Up above the soaring, towering trees, where the sun shines on those that have pushed beyond the canopy. The leaves are as small as can be; why would they need to be larger? As they collect so much of the sunlight! Moreover, they make an excellent perch for the many colourful birds!

Birds!

The birds and insects are vital to the survival of the Amazon rainforest as they help to pollinate much of the amazon plantlife, helping the rainforest to grow and thrive. Trees at this top layer rise to 30 to 76 metres high, towering over the rest of the canopy. If trees had feelings, the emergent layer would be envied by all trees.

Kapok
The Kapok tree is one of the highest trees in the Amazon rainforest, and provides shelter to many emergent layer birds and insects. The Brazilian nut tree is another high tree, which produces massive fruits, which fall from the tree at a dangerously fast speed. Strangely, only one animal can open the fruit, the Agoutis.

Canopy layer

Canopy Layer!

The canopy is the high life, with a large amount of trees growing millions upon millions of leaves, in an endless ocean of green, which extends across the entire Amazon rainforest. The canopy contains an enormous amount of lush, green leaves. In some leaves, there are holes, to show caterpillars and the work they do to survive. The solid, tough surface of green is near impossible to penetrate, with many birds attempting but ending up extremely hurt. The kingdom of the canopy is lush, amazing, and perfect for life.

The Understory
Understory

Understory plants have evolved to live with less sunlight and nutrients than their canopy counterparts. They grow larger, wider leaves in order to catch any sunlight or water that trickles down. The flowers are smaller and paler and do not always grow at the end of a plant. Instead, in order to aid pollination, they grow on the plant stem or trunk in order to attract greater attention from butterflies, bats and moths. These adaptations can even come down to smell: flowers pollinated by Hawk Moths, for example, have a heavy, sweet fragrance, while those pollinated by bats have a meaty, sweaty odour. This is important to attract the right the carrier for spreading its pollen.